The article explores place as a creative force in the work of these two poets, in relation to the act of writing. Thus, in a physical sense, place is understood as a site in which identity is located and defined, but in a metaphysical sense, place is also an imaginative space that maps the landscapes of the mind. This article compares the different ways in which Yeats and Kavanagh relate to their place of writing, physically and artistically, where place is understood as a physical lived space, and as a liberating site for an exploration of poetic voice, where the poet creates his own country of the mind.
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Some Recurring Themes in the Poetry of Patrick Kavanagh
Kavanagh broke through immense personal and cultural constraints to redefine Irish poetry. However, his reputation as one of the most important contemporary Irish poets has only increased since his death. Both Seamus Heaney and Michael Longley have credited Kavanagh with being a formative influence on their work in that he demonstrated that the lives of ordinary rural people were fit subjects for poetry.
After a long battle with alcohol Kavanagh died of pneumonia in Dublin in , and he is commemorated in Dublin by a sculpture of the poet sitting on a bench on the bank of the Grand Canal near Baggot Street Bridge. The Centre hosts an annual Patrick Kavanagh weekend, and also sponsors an influential poetry contest in his honor. Mhac an tSaoi is one of the most acclaimed and respected Irish language scholars, poets, writers and academics of modern literature in Irish, and is justly recognizes as one of a handful of major poets who transformed poetry in Irish in the period during and after the Second World War.
Mhac an tSaoi is also the first significant female voice in twentieth-century Irish poetry. Her poetry, which is distinguished for its technical sophistication, draws heavily on the native poetic tradition, from classical poetry to the oral poetry of the Gaeltacht, both in form and thematic concerns. Born in the Liberties area of Dublin and educated at University College Dublin, Kinsella began his long and distinguished literary career in the s, and he continues to this day to publish his highly distinctive poetry that chronicles his lifelong preoccupation with both eliciting order, and imposing order on the direct experience of life.
His subsequent collections garnered great critical acclaim in Ireland and England, and he received the Denis Devlin Memorial Award in In Kinsella abandoned a promising career in the Department of Finance and moved to the United States to concentrate on writing. He was a writer-in-residence at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, for three years. In , Kinsella accepted an invitation to join the faculty at Temple University in Philadelphia as a professor of English. In recognition of his achievements as a poet and his contribution to Irish literature Kinsella was awarded the Freedom of the City of Dublin in Derek Mahon was born in Northern Ireland and grew up in a mixed suburban neighborhood in Belfast.
After travelling in Canada and the United States and teaching briefly in Belfast, he moved to London in , where he worked as a literary journalist for fifteen years. He worked as a writer-in-residence in several universities in both in Ireland and the United States, and returned permanently to Ireland in Another hallmark of his work is the elusive, ironic perspective he often employs, revealing one of his early influences, fellow Northern poet, Louis MacNiece. In the s Mahon published two ambitious, moving sequences, The Hudson Letter , a representation of personal and cultural crisis in New York, and The Yellow Book , an ironic and skeptical reflection on Dublin, which combined autobiographical themes with cultural critique.
His Collected Poems , confirmed him as a major twentieth-century lyric poet.
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Since the publication of his first book Endsville , he has evolved a poetic strategy that uses hyper-real attention to detail and a distinctive incantatory style of free verse to create a body of work that is simultaneously personal and public. His work has also been inspired by a number of other themes, including the breakdown of his marriage, his relationship with his father and mother, history and specific collections of paintings.
He moved to Manchester, England, when he was sixteen years old and attended St.
His latest collection, which finds the poet setting time and geography in juxtaposition, and mixing Eastern and western traditions, is My Lord Buddha of Carraig Eanna The book is a mixture of poetry and prose that is part travel writing, part meditative daybook, part natural history. The island was once home to a monastery which was founded in the sixth century and thrived for years.
The recipient of the Oireachtas prize for poetry in , he has also received the Michael Hartnett Poetry Award. In he moved to the west coast of Ireland where he lived and taught at University College Galway In addition to his poetry, Dawe has edited various anthologies of poetry and literary criticism including Earth Voices Whispering: Irish poetry of war and The Cambridge Companion to Irish Poets He has held visiting professorships at Boston College and Villanova University, and was a visiting scholar at Pembroke College, Cambridge An archive of his papers is held at the Burns Library, Boston College.
He lives in Dun Laoghaire, County Dublin. An Irish language poet, who now lives in Dublin, her work has reached a broad audience in Europe and the United States due to the successful translations of her work into English. Stylistically modern, her aesthetic is firmly rooted in the symbolic universe of the Irish language tradition and the Gaeltacht region of County Kerry. She is a member of Aosdana. She spent many years living in Portugal before returning to Ireland in the s.
She published her first volume of poetry, A Consideration of Silk, in , and her most recent collection is Valparaiso Much of her work involves reworking classical myths that involve women. She is equally at home exploring Irish culture and the lives of people on the Irish west coast.
If her early work reflected the struggles between modernity and tradition in Irish culture, her mature work, as exemplified in A Perfect V , reflects the new reality of Irish women in the public as well as the private sphere. He was born in the Gaeltacht region of County Donegal, and after a period of working in London and Dublin, he returned to the small farm on which he was raised. He travels frequently in the East, and his poetry draws much of its inspiration from both his Eastern experience, and the rural setting of his native home.
The Irish landscape is frequently used as a metaphor for interrogating and ultimately mapping the greater world beyond.
He was educated at Harvard University and since has lived in Ireland. Mark Granier is an Irish poet and photographer who was born in London in He has received three Arts Council bursaries, in , and She now lives in Dublin. She is the author of four books of poetry, including Rootling: New and Selected Poems She has published five poetry collections, beginning with Permanent Wave , and most recently Cross-Talk Her forthcoming volume is That Other Island.
Several poems from this new collection were published in the winter issue of New Hibernia Review. He is the author of two studies of twentieth-century American poetry, as well as the Cambridge Introduction to Modern Irish Poetry, He is currently a Professor at the Charles University, Prague. At age eighteen Morrissey won the Patrick Kavanagh award, making her the youngest recipient of the prize. In her fourth collection, Through the Square Window, , Morrissey explores issues of fertility, pregnancy and the landscape of early childhood.
Alan Gillis was born in Belfast.goertevgiaspic.ga
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His most recent collection is Scapegoat , published by The Gallery Press. Since he has lived and worked in the U. He is also the chief poetry critic for The Irish Times. Although the information below relates to modern fiction, several generations of earlier writers must be acknowledged due to the enormous influence of their work on future Irish novelists. Novelist and socialist. He was born in Donegal and commanded an IRA brigade there, from , and was later imprisoned during the Civil War. Two of his novels, Islanders and The Big Windows , are regarded as classic depictions of rural life.
Short story writer and novelist. Novelist, playwright and essayist. A successful play, Distinguished Villa , began her writing career, and she gained notoriety with her novels, Farewell Spain was banned in Spain, and The Land of Spices , was banned in Ireland. The Land of Spices is a protest against Irish insularity, and a subtle study of the ways in which Catholicism and Nationalism excluded a more European awareness in the newly formed Republic.
She is now regarded as a complex and perceptive feminist writer who explores the difficulties of self-determination for women in the creative, sexual, intellectual and political arenas.
Bowen maintained the tradition of Sommerville and Ross, leaving an invaluable artistic account of life in Ireland from the perspective of the Big House. In The Last September, —-. His comic novel, The Life of Riley , and the subsequent novel, Identity Papers , are characterized by a dry humane intelligence and a scrupulously exact prose style. In Cronin published his Collected Poems, which bring together the work of a lifetime, from his first poetry collection published in , up through his collection. A new volume of poetry, The Fall, was published in He lives in Dublin.
Jennifer Johnston is an acclaimed novelist and playwright. For much of her live she lived in Derry, but now resides in Dublin.
On Raglan Road
Her many novels 18 in total , deal primarily with women struggling towards individual identity across boundaries imposed by nationality, class, sex and religion. She published her first novel, The Captains and the Kings, in , when she was aged forty two, and has continued to produce a — — She was shortlisted for the Booker Prize with her fourth novel, Shadows on our Skin — , and her fifth novel, The Old Jest , won the Whitebread Prize. In Johnston was nominated for the inaugural Laureate for Irish Fiction. John Banville Also writing under the pseudonym Benjamin Black b.
Kelly worked as a broadcaster for the BBC for many years and has published several novels. He subsequently returned to Ireland and resides in Dublin. He has published nine adult novels and four young adult novels. His most recent adult novel, A History of Loneliness was published in the U. His most recent novel for young readers is Stay Where you are and then Leave In Boyne was nominated for the inaugural Laureate for Irish Fiction. Her second novel, Tender, will be published in She lives in Brooklyn and teaches at Rutgers University.
George Bernard Shaw was born in Dublin in to Protestant parents. He left Ireland for London in , and he remained in England for the rest of his life. A prolific author of more than fifty plays, Shaw achieved his greatest success writing plays in the tradition of social comedy which analyzed politics and the English class system as well as looking amusedly at the foibles of English society. A convert to socialism in the s, he became a leading member of the Fabian Society, and his political commitment informs all of his writing.
His most well known works include Mrs. One of his most popular successes was Pygmalion , though he alienated much of his audience in Britain with his opposition to the First World War. His disillusionment with the war was expressed in Heartbreak House , a tragic-comic diagnosis of the failures of Western European culture.
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