The expectation that a two-month-old child will respond to the punishment, and at six months be able to control his bladder or bowel, is naive, since the child can not control these processes physiologically or mentally. Without knowing this, parents can punish the child. The model of domestic violence, as a rule, is transferred from one generation to another.
Causes And Prevention Of Child Abuse Social Work Essay
Strict penalties usually are not considered as child abuse, but as a family tradition. Thus, children who are usually subjected to cruel treatment by their parents have special features: physical disabilities, mental or developmental delays, difficult nature, and behavioral difficulties. Children with disabilities, mentally retarded children, as well as children with difficult behavior relate to the high risk group of child abuse. The sociological approach refers to the influence of social and cultural factors family relations stereotype acquired in childhood , as well as housing and material conditions that generate chronic psychological stress and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Adults often are victims of violence experienced in childhood. They usually are seeking solitude, are often suspicious, and have difficulties in communicating with others. Many of them have low self-esteem, and consider themselves unworthy, inadequate, unloved. Those who rarely experienced deep and warm relationships in childhood often seek love and understanding from those who can not justify their expectations, entering into conjugal or partner relationships with people who have a similar experience of family violence.
Becoming parents, they require their children to reflect their own competence and self-worth. All these are reasons for their unrealistic expectations about the behavior, success, and development of their own children. Durrant, J. Physical punishment, culture, and rights: Current issues for professionals.
Malinosky-Rummell R. Long-term consequences of childhood physical abuse. Psychological Bulletin, , 68— Widom C. Post-traumatic stress disorder in abused and neglected children grown up. American Journal of Psychiatry. The child abuse essay sample that you can read above is a good example of an essay written by a writer from our company. We give you such recommendations in order to prevent your work being marked as plagiarized. You can also check out Best Topics for College Psychology Papers where you can find topics for writing your psychology essay.
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- 1 INTRODUCTION | Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect | The National Academies Press;
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Effects of child abuse and neglect for children and adolescents Effects of child abuse and neglect for children and adolescents CFCA Resource Sheet— January If you believe a child is in immediate danger call Police on Types of abuse and neglect Child abuse and neglect refers to any behaviour by parents, caregivers, other adults or older adolescents that is outside the norms of conduct and entails a substantial risk of causing physical or emotional harm to a child or young person.
Factors affecting the consequences of child abuse and neglect Not all children exposed to similar experiences of abuse and neglect are affected in the same way.
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They have noted several key messages: Brains develop over time and through interaction with the environment. Chronic, toxic stress of the sort experienced by maltreated children, and particularly in the absence of consistent, supportive and interactive relationships with adult caregivers, has been found to have an especially deleterious effect on young children's growing brains NSCDC, ; Exposure to complex and chronic trauma can result in persistent psychological problems.
The interaction between genes and environment also plays a role in how the brain develops, particularly during the early developmental period NSCDC, ; Consequences of child abuse and neglect Child abuse and neglect can affect all domains of development - physical, psychological, emotional, behavioural, and social - all of which are interrelated. Mental health problems Extensive research has identified a strong relationship between child maltreatment and a range of mental health problems, with post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD often reported Gilbert et al.
Behavioural problems Researchers have found that child abuse and neglect is associated with behaviour problems in childhood and adolescence Ethier et al.
Cause and Effect Essay: Child Abuse
Aggression, violence and criminal activity In addition to feeling pain and suffering themselves, children exposed to abuse and neglect are at increased risk of inflicting pain on others and developing aggressive and violent behaviours in adolescence Gilbert et al. Physical health problems Research investigating the effect child abuse and neglect has on overall physical health has largely focused on outcomes in adulthood.
Fatal abuse The most tragic and extreme consequence of child abuse and neglect is abuse that results in death. Research limitations Research investigating the effects of child abuse and neglect is extensive. Conclusion Child abuse and neglect may lead to a wide range of adverse consequences for children and adolescents. References Australian Bureau of Statistics. Census of population and housing: Estimating homelessness. Australia Cat. Canberra: ABS. HOU Canberra: AIHW. Bacon, H. Attachment theory and child abuse: An overview of the literature for practitioners.
Child Abuse Review , 10 6 , Baer, J. Child maltreatment and insecure attachment: A meta-analysis. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology , 24 3 , Brewerton, T. Eating Disorders , 15 4 , Brodsky, B. Adverse childhood experiences and suicidal behavior.
Child Abuse Essay | Major Tests
Psychiatric Clinics of North America , 31 , Bromfield, L. Chronic child maltreatment in an Australian statutory child protection sample Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Deakin University, Geelong. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies. Retrieved from www. Childhood abuse and neglect: Specificity of effects on adolescent and young adult depression and suicidality. Child Welfare Information Gateway. Long-term consequences of child abuse and neglect. Coohey, C.
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Academic achievement despite child maltreatment: A longitudinal study. Cook, A. Complex trauma in children and adolescents.
Psychiatric Annals , 35 5 , Christoffel, K. Standard definitions for childhood injury research: Excerpts of a conference report. Pediatrics , 89 6 , Cyr, C.
Attachment security and disorganization in maltreating and high-risk families: A series of meta-analyses. Development and Psychopathology , 22 , Dubowitz, H. Physical abuse and neglect in children. The Lancet , , Edidin, J. The mental and physical health of homeless youth: A literature review.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 43 , English, D. Another look at the effects of child abuse. National Institute of Justice Journal , , Ethier, L. A longitudinal study of the effects of chronic maltreatment on children's behavioral and emotional problems. Evans, E. Suicidal phenomena and abuse in adolescents: A review of epidemiological studies. Fergusson, D. Childhood sexual abuse, adolescent sexual behaviors and sexual revictimization.
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